Psychological Ownership: Theoretical Extensions, Measurement and Relation to Work Outcomes - CLEO Skip to main content


First, the authors developed a scale for psychological ownership with four components — self-efficacy, accountability, sense of belongingness, and self-identity. Second, they correlated it with transformational leadership, organizational citizenship behavior, organizational commitment, workplace deviance, intentions to stay, and job satisfaction. All the correlations were in the predicted direction. The authors concluded that integrating psychological ownership with financial ownership could help to explain individual and organizational outcomes.