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Questions: How do women fare in ESOPs? How do women in ESOPs compare to women not in ESOPs?

Summary: Some gender differences in the larger society are reflected in ESOP companies. There are fewer women than men in ESOPs. Within ESOPs there are fewer women in top management and highly trained/high pay occupations.

Women in ESOPs have lower ESOP account values and profit/gain sharing bonuses than men.

Women in ESOPs have lower workplace participation and higher work to family conflict than men.